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Conflict Resolution Courses...
- Physical Control in Care (PCC)

Any residential institution needs strategies for securing the safety of staff and residents. In a secure training centre it is inevitably going to be a complex task managing some difficult challenging behaviour by people who, although they may be young, may be physically strong and also difficult. Many people would concede that, regrettable though it might be, any strategy for behaviour management in such institutions would have to address the need for physical restraint. The question is what sort of restraint, at what stage it should be applied, for how long, with what checks, and what else should be tried beforehand in terms of de-escalation and prevention.

Conflict Resolution Courses - Physical Control in Care (PCC) However expert your Secure Training Centre (STC) staff are at managing behaviour, on some occasions physical restraint will have to be used. Staff may need to act quickly to prevent trainees from harming themselves, another trainee or a member of staff. It may also be necessary to restrain a trainee from damaging property or escaping from custody. Use of restraint must, of course, be lawful, and the use of restraint is authorised for those strictly limited purposes by rule 38(1) of the STC rules, which are a statutory instrument laid before Parliament. A system of physical interventions known as physical control in care—PCC—was developed in the late 1990s for use in STCs. It was approved by the Secretary of State on the advice of a panel of experts, including medical experts.

PCC was designed to be non-pain-compliant, although it includes certain distraction techniques that involve the brief infliction of pain. Those techniques may be used where necessary for safety reasons. PCC may be used only by staff who have received the proper training. There are strict guidelines about how incidents involving the use of restraint are managed, and each incident must be properly recorded within 12 hours of its occurrence.

Physical Control in Care was created and developed by National Instructors at Prison Service College. All of the techniques are approved by the Youth Justice Board (YJB). The course is designed for use in Secure Training Centre's (STC's) and by Escorts PCC is a "System of Holds" designed to be used on Young People PCC does not rely on Pain Compliance to gain control

Elements of training include:

  • Use of Force
  • General Rules (looking at legislation, Department of Health Guidelines, Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994, Children's Act 1989 Vol 4)
  • Specific Rules (rules regarding use of PCC in STC's and Escorts - STC Rules 37 and 38)
  • Physical Restraint
  • Personal Safety
  • Common / Criminal Law
  • Accountability


  • The course duration is usually 5 days.

    Course Costs

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